Long Term Update: 2022 Outlook with entropic methods

Every year i post an outlook using entropic methods explained in the technical section of this blog. Here you can find the 2015, 2016, 2017,  2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 forecast update, where you can find more information about this approach.

Updated values for bitcoin (in brackets values of last year) using daily data since August 2010 (average data of 4 main exchanges when possible).

   BTC/USD
Growth Factor G 1.00130 (1.00104)
Shannon Probability P (see this as entropy) 0.5254 (0.5232)
Root mean square RMS (see this as volatility) 0.049 (0.055)

Bitcoin’s entropic values versus the Usd improved during 2021,  the Growth Factor (G) grow to 1.00130% compounded daily or 160% yearly, higher then 1y ago. The optimal fraction of your total wealth to invest in bitcoin rised to 5.1%  (~0.5254*2=1.051 – 1 = 0.051 or 5.1% roundable to 5%).
Volatility continues to drop year after year and that’s normal as bitcoin gets bigger and bigger so less prone to volatility.
The BTCUSD growth factor is much better then conventional markets except the Shannon Probability that still match the US Stock Markets (around 0.522); it means that out of 100 days an asset goes up 52 days and down for 48 days, on average. I am not surprised of this because the same agents trading in conventional markets are more or less the same as those trading in the crypto market, so they have the same entropy or mental disorder.

 2022 Price forecast  Full Historical Volatility  Half Historical Volatility
Forecast using only G* ~77,000$ ~77,000$
Upper bound adding volatility ~199,000$ ~123,000$
Lower bound subtracting volatility ~29,800$ ~48,000$

*77000 is obtained with 1st January as a starting price (around 48000$) times (1.00130^365)=~1.6   |  48000*1.6=~77000, just change 365 with the number of days you prefer for a different forecast.

What happened in 2021? 

A year ago, I predicted a top of $121,000 using full volatility and about $72,000 using half of historical volatility, the latter being more likely to be hit and this is exactly what happened considering some room of error.
This market has made a low in June at $28,750, 10% above the $25,000 forecasted support level, again using half historical volatility.
During 2022 I recommend to hold your position till the upper boundary of the next cycle defined by monthly kama upper resistance bands ($80,000-$130,000) in accordance with the forecasted value of $123,000 using entropy methods and half historial volatility. 

Conclusions

As I said in the previous October update, I continue to believe that conditions in this market have changed since the other halving cycles which usually saw a Top around 19 months after the halving date. I expect a consolidation in 2022 with a slightly bullish sideways phase.
A very strong support zone remains the $30k to $48k price range that might be fine tuned during the year using Kama monthly price bands.
Should there be an excess of volatility I would advise you to take advantage of the event with some profit-taking between 120 and 200 thousand dollars; if volatility push the price down to the support area of $30,000-$48,000 do the opposite, buy:)

I’m at your disposal for any questions; see you at the next update and Happy New Year!

Charts

Bitcoin’s cumulative volatility as expected is dropping every year and is stabilizing towards a value that is still a bit high compared to other traditional assets (stocks, gold, bonds range from 0.01 to 0.03) but the very high average returns of btc compensate the high volatility. The values represent the root mean square of logarithmic returns of bitcoin daily data.
Monthly Chart BTCUSD with 2022 Price Forecast using entropic method.
The first lower monthly kama average will probably slowly reach the $30,000 level during the 2022.
I expect to find similarities between the levels calculated in the Kama indicator i use and those used with this approach, the formulas for calculating the bands in my indicator are the same as those used in this update.

Long Term Update: 2021 Outlook with entropic methods

Every year i post an outlook using entropic methods explained in the technical section of this blog. Here you can find the 2015, 2016, 2017,  20182019 and 2020, forecast update, where you can find more information about this approach.

Updated values for bitcoin (in brackets values of last year) using daily data since August 2010 (average data of 4 important exchanges when possible).

   BTC/USD
Growth Factor G 1.00104 (1.00087)
Shannon Probability P 0.5232 (0.5219)
Root mean square RMS (see this as volatility) 0.055 (0.056 )

Bitcoin’s entropic values versus the Usd improved during 2020,  the Growth Factor (G) grow to 1.00104% compounded daily or 146% yearly, higher then 1y ago. The optimal fraction of your total wealth to invest in bitcoin rised to 4.6%  (~0.5232*2=1.046 – 1 = 0.046 or 4.6% roundable to 5%).
Volatility continues to drop year after year and that’s normal as bitcoin gets bigger and bigger so less prone to volatility.
These values are still much better then conventional markets except the Shannon Probability that still match the US Stock Markets (around 0.522); it means that out of 100 days an asset goes up 52 days and down for 48 days, on average.

 2021 Price forecast  Full Historical Volatility  Half Historical Volatility
Forecast using only G* ~42,400$ ~42,400$
Upper bound adding volatility ~121,000$ ~71,850$
Lower bound subtracting volatility ~14,750$ ~25,000$

*42400 is obtained with 1st January as a starting price (around 28985$) times (1.00104^365)=~1.463   |  28985*1.463=~42400, just change 365 with the number of days you prefer for a different forecast.

What happened in 2020? 

A year ago, I forecasted a maximum top of $29380 almost reached the last day of the year.
This market has made a low in March that I like to call a “selling climax bottom” when the bearish momentum is exhausted during a major event, this low (3850$) was a bit above the 3370$ support level forecasted 1 year ago using full historical volatility.
During 2021 I recommend to hold your position till the upper boundary of the next cycle and, personally, i’ll continue to hold  my position opened at ~9100$ and I will not buy more bitcoins during 2021.

Conclusions

For this year i think that there is a good probability to reach an incredible new all time high above 100,000$!
Like one year ago,  i think that it will be wise to reduce your bitcoin investment if the price goes above ~200k USD (price calculated using the equivalent of 1.5 times the historical volatility of bitcoin).

For your curiosity, if there will be an explosion of volatility for whatever reason (massive migration of institutional investors from gold to bitcoin), using twice the value of historical volatility our target is ~350,000$ instead of 121,000$

I’m at your disposal for any questions; see you at the next update and Happy New Year!

Charts

 

Bitcoin’s cumulative volatility as expected is dropping every year and is stabilizing towards a value that is still a bit high compared to other traditional assets (stocks, gold, bonds range from 0.01 to 0.03) but the very high average returns of btc compensate the high volatility. The values represent the root mean square of logarithmic returns of bitcoin daily data.
Last 3 years of annual forecasts

Long Term Update: 2020 Outlook with entropic methods

Every year i post an outlook using entropic methods explained in the technical section of this blog. Here you can find the 2015, 2016, 2017  2018 and 2019, forecast update, where you can find more information about this approach.

Updated values for bitcoin (in brackets values of last year) using daily data since August 2010 (average data of 4 important exchanges when possible).

 BTC/USD
Growth Factor G 1.00087 (1.00088)
Shannon Probability P 0.5219 (0.5222)
Root mean square RMS (see this as volatility) 0.056 (0.058 )

Bitcoin’s entropic values versus the Usd stayed stable during 2019 although volatility has fallen a bit like in 2018,  the Growth Factor (G) decreased a bit to 1.00087% compounded daily or 137.7% yearly, close to the value of 1y ago. The optimal fraction of your total wealth to invest in bitcoin is unchanged to 4.4%  (~0.522*2=1.044 – 1 = 0.044 or 4.4% roundable to 5%)
These values are still much better then conventional markets except the Shannon Probability that still match the US Stock Markets (around 0.522); it means that out of 100 days an asset goes up 52 days and down for 48 days, on average.

 2020 Price forecast  Full Historical Volatility  Half Historical Volatility
Forecast using only G* ~9951$ ~9951$
Upper bound adding volatility ~29380$ ~17097$
Lower bound subtracting volatility ~3370$ ~5790$

*9949 is obtained with 1st January as a starting price (around 7227$) times (1.00087^365)=~1.377   |   7227*1.377=~9951, just change 365 with the number of days you prefer for a different forecast.

What went wrong in 2019? Nothing:)

A year ago, I forecasted a maximum top of $16150 never reached during the year.
This market stayed above the 3000$ support forecasted 1 year ago but it didn’t go to the 1700$ support level using full historical volatility. On the other side it tried to reach the 16150$ resistance level with a top at 13880$ on June ’19.
During 2020 I recommend to buy inside the half volatility support area between 5790$ and 9950$ (target price using only the growth factor G) having already an open position from ~9000$ I will not buy more bitcoins during 2020.

Conclusions

For this year i think that there is a good probability to stay inside the 5790$-17100$ price zone with an equilibrium point at 9950$.
Like one year ago,  i think that at the end of a strong buying climax period, if any, it will be wise to reduce your bitcoin investment if the price goes above 50k USD (price calculated using the equivalent of 1.5 times the historical volatility of bitcoin while the other 17k usd target is calculated using 0.5 times historical volatility)

For all of you that are probably asking why i haven’t mentioned my fresh new bitcoin price model in this update i answer saying that i prefer to don’t mix different approaches. Aniway actual value of the Bitcoin FairPriceLine is roughly 5800$ and it’ll be at 10600$ at the end of 2020, same support price area of my quantitative approach (5790$-9950$)

I’m at your disposal for any questions; see you at the next update and Happy New Year!

Long Term Update: 2019 Outlook with entropic methods

Every year i post an outlook using entropic methods explained in the technical section of this blog. Here you can find the 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 forecast update, where you can find more information about this approach.

Updated values for bitcoin (in brackets values of last year) using daily data since August 2010 (average data of 4 main exchanges when possible).

 BTC/USD
Growth Factor G 1.00088 (1.00280)
Shannon Probability P 0.5222 (0.5384)
Root mean square RMS (see this as volatility) 0.058 (0.059 )

Bitcoin’s entropic values versus the Usd deteriorated in 2018 although volatility has fallen a little bit,  the Growth Factor (G) decreased down to 1.00088% compounded daily or 138% yearly down from 280% of 1y ago. Also the optimal fraction of your total wealth to invest in bitcoin dropped a bit in 2018 with a 4.4% instead of 7.7% of 1y ago (0.522*2=1.044 – 1 = 0.044 or 4.4% roundable to 5%)
Generally these values are still much better then conventional markets except the Shannon Probability that now match the US Stock Markets (around 0.522); it means that out of 100 days an asset goes up 52 days and down for 48 days, on average.

 2019 Price forecast  Full Historical Volatility  Half Historical Volatility
Forecast using only G* ~5269$ ~5269$
Upper bound adding volatility ~16150$ ~9230$
Lower bound subtracting volatility ~1720$ ~3000$

*5269 is obtained with 1st January as a starting price (around 3820$) times (1.00088^365)=~1.37   |   3823*1.37=~5269, just change 365 with the number of days you prefer for a different forecast.

Using different approaches the support area for 2019 is around 1700$-3200$ while the resistance price area is above 9000$.

What went wrong in 2018?

A year ago, I forecasted a maximum top of $121000 never reached during the year. I halved the volatility factor (rms) to find a more realistic price level and i obtained 68000$, a value missed again by BTC/USD.

This market has been very weak all the year but the definitive sign of weakness has been the breaking of the support around six thousand dollars followed by an important minimum at about 3100$, a price level that I showed you a few months ago.
In that tweet i identified an additional support area from 2100$ to 3200$ that so far has not yet been visited.
If possible I recommend to buy inside this price area otherwise another trading opportunity will be to buy on strength when BTCUSD will break above the monthly 5 periods Kama average (i’ll tell you when with a tweet), this average is now around 5000$ but next month will probably drop to 4800$ .

Conclusions

For this year i think that i’ll consider the support/resistance levels obtained with a full volatility value with the result to have for the whole 2019 a good probability to stay inside the 1700$-16000$ price zone.
At the same time i think that at the end of a strong buying climax period, if any, it will be wise to reduce your bitcoin investment if the price goes above 30k USD (price calculated using the equivalent of 1.5 times the historical volatility of bitcoin while the initial 16k usd target is calculated using the historical volatility)

I’m at your disposal for any questions; see you at the next update and Happy New Year!

Long Term Update

BTCUSD Monthly Chart KAMA Average 5 periods and deviation lines.

Since the last update on February 13 there are not many new developments. The monthly KAMA average is flat, which allows us to calculate fairly reliable levels of support and resistance. As you can see nothing interesting happened with the BTCUSD cross that remains inside the supports and resistance levels (yellow lines).

I have added a new indicator that calculates supports and resistances using as a starting point the close of the previous month (with the idea to forecast next month support/resistance levels), in this case the close of February at about $ 10300. I have used the last 50 months, just over 4 years from the bear market’s lowest point in 2015, to calculate volatility.

The drop we have seen in recent days has reached an intermediate level, -1.5 standard deviations, so I can say that there has not been a level of extreme volatility but not even normal.

My opinion is that the bitcoin will continue to remain for most of the year within the levels calculated with the KAMA (yellow) and therefore remains a good opportunity to buy the price area from 4000 to 5500 dollars, while it is to be evaluated a reduction of any bullish position should the BTCUSD go above 25 thousand dollars.

I also give you some short term indications for the next days, the first resistance is $9500, you might see a Top not exceeding $9500 before the BTCUSD resumes its descent. A break above $10000 would mean that at least in the short term the bearish trend is over.

 

ITA Version here

Weekly Range Update

XBTUSD dailychart
XBTUSD dailychart

XBT/USD weekly price range 6800$-8600$ | This week the 2-month VWAP updates to 6100$ from last week’s 4800$; new data is replacing the old ones and it may happen that you have some slight changes on the price level of the reference average.

The resistance zone ranges from 8600$ to 9800$ and is defined by the 2nd and 3rd deviation line of the 2-month VWAP.

The support area ranges from $6100 to $6800 and is defined by VWAP and an intermediate level between the VWAP and the 1st deviation line.

I think it is very difficult to see a test down to the VWAP at $6100, if there were to be some profit taking the market should not fall below $6800, considering that the RSI oscillator turned upside without testing the oversold area i still believe that this market will go over 8000$ eventually after a small correction towards our first support at 6800$.

The other template I use on Tradingview with KAMA average and deviation levels is very similar to this one; the weekly KAMA is at 5800$ not far from the 6100$ of the 2-month VWAP.
The resistance zone is 8000$-9300$, slightly lower than the one presented with this update of 8600$-9800$.
Basically we have a decent correlation between the two templates (VWAP using Sierrachart and KAMA using Tradingview. com)

In the event of an unexpected catastrophic news, the support area on the weekly chart is updated to 3200-4000 USD.

ITA Version Here.

Weekly Range Update

XBTUSD dailychart
XBTUSD dailychart

XBT/USD weekly price range is 6500$-7600$ | The resistance zone ranges from $7600 to $8700 and is defined by the two deviation lines furthest from the VWAP.

I think it’s time for a correction to the first support located at $6500, the buying area for this week is from $6500 down to $5400. I think it is very difficult to reach $5400, a minimum at $6500 is much more likely and would not compromise the possibility to see a new ATH this week.

As explained many times in the past, it is important to look at where bottoms and tops are located to understand in which direction is headed our cross XBTUSD , given the great strength of the last two weeks it would be more consistent to have a minimum at $6500 rather then $5400.

To conclude the first level to observe is $6500, the next $5400 and without unexpected negative news it’s very unlikely this week to test the VWAP at $4350.

In the event of an unexpected catastrophic news, the support area on the weekly chart is updated to 2250-2875 USD.

Since many people asked me more details about these extreme price levels, I want to spend few words on how the support area is calculated in case of a strong drop due to unexpected negative news. I use the last 52 weeks to calculate bitcoin volatility and starting from the closing price of the previous week I project two support values using 6 and 7.5 times the initial value of the calculated volatility. In the past I have explained the concept of the “six sigma”, which concerns the construction quality in industrial processes and I have applied it in this field to calculate support levels and resistance levels which are practically inviolable and which obviously only apply for the current week.
A value of six times is used, with an extra tolerance of 1.5, to arrive at a maximum deviation that uses 7.5 times the initial volatility.

ITA Version here.

Weekly Range Update

XBTUSD dailychart
XBTUSD dailychart

XBT/USD weekly price range 5350$-6600$ | The most obvious thing for this week is that the XBTUSD cross will spend most of the time in a sideway movement between 5350$ and 6000$ considering that it comes from a rise with a strength never seen before since I follow bitcoin.

The buying area is the same reported in the previous update, ranging from 4700$ to 5350$, the resistance zone from 6000$ to 6600$.

The RSI oscillator and its average are both overbought as logical after the sharp rise seen in recent days. I believe that this will be an interim week with the price remaining between 5300 and 6000 USD, so I think a strong bearish movement is unlikely to push bitcoin down to the 2 months VWAP , now at 4100$.

In the event of an unexpected catastrophic news, the support area on the weekly chart rises to 2400-3100 USD.

ITA Version here.

Weekly Range Update

bitstampUSD 1 Day #1 2017-09-18 09_48_01.095
XBTUSD Daily Chart – VWAP Levels

XBT/USD weekly price range at 3650$-4300$ | As I wrote on twitter the market found support within the support area of my previous update that had a lower limit of $2800. I would like to point out that I will not increase my long-term position opened between 2014 and 2015, but I will tell you when there will be a buying opportunity.

Today’s reaction is positive and I believe that in 1-2 days the ALMA moving average will turn upwards together with the average of the RSI oscillator.

The RSI has already given a purchase signal, but it is better to confirm it when its average slope will also turn positive.
When these conditions are met we will have a buying opportunity.

In the event of a catastrophic news, the support area on the weekly chart remains unchanged at 2000-2500 US Dollars.

ITA version here.

Short Tem Update: KAMA Levels

KAMA Levels
KAMA Levels

XBT/USD weekly price range at 4000$-4950$ | The price range for this week is not very different from last week, we have seen until now a weak September with the price drop from the all time high of 5000$ and despite several negative news the XBTUSD has remained above 4000 dollars.
As you can see in the graph the support area using my KAMA indicator ranges from $3600 to $4000, the resistance zone from $4950 to $5350.
If the 4000$ support will work, then an upward cycle with a minimum target of 4950$ could start, otherwise the 2-month VWAP around 3400$ is an important support.
I think it’s unlikely to see bitcoin under the vwap at 2 months for this and also next week, otherwise it would mean that on the weekly chart a medium-long term correction has started; however it’s still early to say and let see if XBTUSD can stay above $4000 this week.

In case of a unexpected catastrophic news, the support area on the weekly chart is 2000-2500 USD

ITA Version here

Weekly Range Update

XBTUSD dailychart
XBTUSD dailychart

XBT/USD weekly price range at 4000$-4850$ |The XBTUSD cross has seen a correction during the weekend moving back below the second line of price deviation, I see as important support for this week the price level at 4000 dollars, for those who are willing to buy I would suggest to observe the behavior of the XBTUSD cross around that level.
As already mentioned in the previous update, we must not forget that bitcoin remains in a strong position and has been long standing above the VWAP’s first line of deviation and that therefore these corrections are not worrying if limited to 2-3 days.

The average of the RSI oscillator is above the threshold of 70, confirming that the bearish signal of August 26-27 was a false signal as I assumed previously. This indicator is not recently giving clear indications because despite all XBTUSD is maintaining an upward trend without excessive volatility, elements that compromise the proper functioning of any technical oscillator.

In the event of an extreme fall, the support area is 2300-2800 USD

ITA version here.

Weekly Range Update

XBTUSD dailychart
XBTUSD dailychart

XBT / USD weekly price range is 3200$-4800$ | Our beloved cross pair XBTUSD is showing strength and it will probably test for the first time ever the fourth price deviation line of the 2 months VWAP that I normally don’t use, this 4th line defines the upper bound of the resistance zone ranging from 4200 to 4800 dollars.

I think that XBTUSD cross could reach 4800 dollars this week or the next one considering that all the cryptocurrencies sector is going up massively with bitcoin taking the lead and rising with the fastest speed. Market is appreciating the recent efforts to improve bitcoin’s capacity.

The average RSI oscillator has returned above the overbought area and it will probably stay between 70 and 95-100 when bitcoin is so strong, ALMA moving average is bullish since the bottom of  mid July.

In case of extreme fall, the support area is 1900-2400 USD